The will of the Swedish chemist, engineer and industrialist Alfred Nobel established the five Nobel prizes in 1895. The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.
William G. Kaelin Jr from USA, Harvard Medical School.
Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe from United Kingdom, University of Oxford.
Gregg L. Semenza from USA, Johns Hopkins University
John B. Goodenough from Germany, University of Texas.
M. Stanley Whittingham from United Kingdom, Binghamton University.
Akira Yoshino from Japan, Asahi Kasei Corporation.
James Peebles from Canada, Princeton University
Michel Mayor from Switzerland, University of Geneva
Didier Queloz from Switzerland, University of Geneva